Football And Cinema
Despite the difficulties faced by the inhabitants of the city during the war, cultural and sports life of the city ran its natural course; but now it served the purposes of propaganda and charity. Athletes who served in the army, established their soccer teams. The best players from Vienna, Budapest and Prague visited friendly matches in Lviv. Famous Pogoń Lwów sports club competed with the team of military pilots and brigade of Polish Legions. On October 3, 1915, Lviv residents came to watch the match of local teams Pogoń and Czarny. The best player of Czarny was Henryk Bilor, who served in the Polish Legions artillery and travelled through Lviv to visit his relatives. Soccer games were often preceded by concerts of military bands and fundraised money was donated to soup kitchens and to soldiers’ widows and orphans.
Lviv movie theatres also donated a share of their profits to charity, which resulted in the chain of renaming, i.e. former Fraszka and Casino de Paris during the war were renamed into Red Cross Movie Theaters. In 1916, the movie theater Perła changed its name to National Movie Theater of the Red Cross and Casino became Legionów Polskich Movie Theater (lit. ‘Polish Legions Movie Theater’). A small proportion of films that can be viewed in local cinemas had been shot in Lviv like The Conquest of the City, March of Troops, The applause of People, and Views of Lviv. 24 movie theaters operated during the war and 8 of them closed down, some took a break until the mid-twenties and worked until 1939, and some exist even today.